Localització de Mallorca mAJORQUE: DEIÀ  PDF les Illes Balears. Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean.
Galerie dédiée à un des plus beaux villages du monde. Deià est dans les montagnes de Tramuntana de Majorque.
The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands have been an autonomous region of Spain since 1983. Like the other Balearic Islands of Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from Germany and the United Kingdom. The name derives from Classical Latin insula maior, « larger island ». Later, in Medieval Latin, this became Maiorica, « the larger one », in comparison to Menorca, « the smaller one ». Little is recorded of the earliest inhabitants of the island.
They raised Bronze Age megaliths as part of their Talaiotic culture. The Phoenicians, a seafaring people from the Levant, arrived around the eighth century BC and established numerous colonies. The island was occupied by the Romans in 123 BC under Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. In 427, Gunderic and the Vandals captured the island.
In 534, Majorca was recaptured by the Eastern Roman Empire, led by Apollinarius. Under Roman rule, Christianity thrived and numerous churches were built. From 707, the island was increasingly attacked by Muslim raiders from North Africa. Recurrent invasions led the islanders to ask Charlemagne for help. Balearic Islands, ushering in a new period of prosperity under the Emirate of Córdoba. The town of Palma was reshaped and expanded, and became known as Medina Mayurqa. The caliphate was dismembered in 1015.
Majorca came under rule by the Taifa of Dénia, and from 1087 to 1114, was an independent Taifa. During that period, the island was visited by Ibn Hazm. 9 September 1229 with 15,000 men and 1,500 horses. From 1479, the Crown of Aragon was in dynastic union with that of Castile. The Barbary corsairs of North Africa often attacked the Balearic Islands, and in response, the people built coastal watchtowers and fortified churches. In the early 18th century, the War of the Spanish Succession resulted in the replacement of that dynastic union with a unified Spanish monarchy under the rule of the new Bourbon Dynasty.
The last episode of the War of Spanish Succession was the conquest of the island of Mallorca. Since the 1950s, the advent of mass tourism has transformed the island into a destination for foreign visitors and attracted many service workers from mainland Spain. The boom in tourism caused Palma to grow significantly. European Union, especially from Africa and South America. The capital of Majorca, Palma, was founded as a Roman camp called Palmaria upon the remains of a Talaiotic settlement. The turbulent history of the city had it subject to several Vandal sackings during the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Precipitation in the Serra de Tramuntana is markedly higher. The northern coast is rugged and has many cliffs. The central zone, extending from Palma, is a generally flat, fertile plain known as Es Pla. The Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011. The island is administratively divided into 53 municipalities. He first arrived on the island in 1867, travelling under his title « Count of Neuendorf ». He later settled on Majorca, buying up wild areas of land in order to preserve and enjoy them.
Ludwig Salvator loved the island of Majorca. He became fluent in Catalan, carried out research into the island’s flora and fauna, history, and culture to produce his main work, Die Balearen, an extremely comprehensive collection of books about the Balearic Islands, consisting of 7 volumes. It took him 22 years to complete. Nonetheless, his time in Majorca was a productive period for Chopin. He managed to finish the Preludes, Op. 28, that he started writing in 1835. He was also able to undertake work on his Ballade No.
Chopin, described her stay in Majorca in A Winter in Majorca, published in 1855. Agatha Christie visited the island in the early 20th century and stayed in Palma and Port de Pollença. Jorge Luis Borges visited Majorca twice, accompanied by his family. Nobel prize winner Camilo José Cela came to Majorca in 1954, visiting Pollença, and then moving to Palma, where he settled permanently. The English poet Robert Graves moved to Mallorca with his family in 1946.