This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. French organist, composer and teacher, most notable for his ten organ symphonies. Widor was born in Lyon, to a family of organ builders, and initially studied music there with his father, François-Charles Sur les Canaux d’Alsace (Id) PDF, titular organist of Saint-François-de-Sales from 1838 to 1889.
Cet itinéraire de découvertes présente les différents canaux d’Alsace. A travers l’histoire de leur construction ou de leur aménagement et de l’évolution de leur utilisation, cet ouvrage fait revivre les temps anciens des canaux. Il permet surtout au lecteur de (re)découvrir la sérénité des canaux d’Alsace et la richesse du patrimoine qui les jalonne.
In January 1870, with the combined lobbying of Cavaillé-Coll, Saint-Saëns, and Charles Gounod, the 25-year-old Widor was appointed as « provisional » organist of Saint-Sulpice in Paris, the most prominent position for a French organist. In 1890, upon the death of César Franck, Widor succeeded him as organ professor at the Paris Conservatoire. The class he inherited was initially stunned by this new teacher, who suddenly demanded a formidable technique and a knowledge of J. Bach’s organ works as prerequisites to effective improvisation. Among the leading organ recitalists of his time, Widor visited many different nations in this capacity, including Russia, England, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Italy, Poland and Switzerland.
Well known as a man of great culture and learning, Widor was made a Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur in 1892, and reached the rank of a Grand-Officier de la Légion d’honneur in 1933. In 1921, Widor founded the American Conservatory at Fontainebleau with Francis-Louis Casadesus. He was the Director until 1934, when he was succeeded by Maurice Ravel. At the age of 76, Widor married Mathilde de Montesquiou-Fézensac on 26 April 1920 at Charchigné. The 36-year-old Mathilde was a member of one of the oldest and most prominent families of Europe. She died in 1960: there were no children from this union. On 31 December 1933, at age 89, Widor retired from his position at Saint-Sulpice.