Tortoise : Standards PDF

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. No cleanup reason has been specified. The history of Dacian warfare spans from c. 10th century BC tortoise : Standards PDF to the 2nd century AD in the region defined by Ancient Greek and Latin historians as Dacia, populated by a collection of Thracian, Ionian, and Dorian tribes.


Standards est le cinquième album de Tortoise, groupe de post-rock fondé au début des années quatre-vingt-dix à Chicago. Si mes souvenirs sont exacts, il y avait cette jeune fille du Texas qui écoutait indifférence de Pearl Jam dons les années quatre-vingt-dix. Si mes souvenirs sont exacts, j’ai partagé un des deux écouteurs de cette jeune fille, adolescente, comme moi. Si mes souvenirs sont exacts, je n’ai jamais autant aimé cette chanson qu’a ce moment-là, écoutant et lisant sur ses lèvres. La pop, ce sera toujours ça, précisément. Moi, ce que j’aimerais tenter ici, c’est une réconciliation de cette image de la pop avec une musique qui, en tous points, semble s’en écarter. Ce que je voudrais réussir à faire ici, c’est rendre la musique de Tortoise aussi sensible que la musique à la mode de ces années-là l’était pour cette jeune fille et pour moi aussi.

You can help by adding to it. The Dacians fought amongst each other but were later united under Burebista. However, after his death at 44 BC, the empire again descended into conflict culminating in a full-scale civil war. The first expedition was an unmitigated disaster, and the second achieved a peace, seen as unfavorable and shameful by many in Rome. The two campaigns of conquest ordered or led by the Emperor Trajan in 101-102 AD, and 105-106 AD from Moesia across the Danube north into Dacia.

Trajan’s forces were successful in both cases, reducing Dacia to client state status in the first, and taking the territory over in the second. The Dacian tribes were part of the greater Thracian family of peoples. The most important weapon of the Dacian arsenal was the falx. Using the falx, the Dacian warriors were able to counter the power of the compact, massed Roman formations. The Dacians were adept of surprise attacks and skilful, tactical withdrawals using the fortification system.

Dacians decorated their bodies with tattoos like the Illyrians and the Thracians. The Pannonians north of the Drava had accepted Roman rule out of fear of the Dacians. Dacia remained a Roman province until 271. Most of the infantry would wield a falx and perhaps a sica and would wear no armor at all even shunning shields. Dacian mercenaries were uncommon in contrast to the Thracians and the Illyrians but they could be found in the service of the Greek Diadochi and of the Romans. A 2nd century chieftain would wear a bronze Phrygian type helmet,a corselet of iron scale armor, an oval wooden shield with motifs and wield a sword. Remains of the Fortress of Blidaru.

Dacians had built fortresses all around Dacia with most of them being on the Danube. A scene from Trajan’s column shows Romans attacking a Dacian fortification using the « testudo ». The Dacians constructed stone strongholds, davas, in the Carpathian Mountains in order to protect their capital Sarmizegetusa. The fortifications were built on a system of circular belts. The Dacian Draco was the standard of the ancient Dacian military. It served as a standard for the Dacians of the La Tène period and its origin must clearly be sought in the art of Asia Minor sometime during the second millennium BC. Sarmatians were part of the Dacian army as allies.

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